Education measurement and evaluation

Evaluation and measurement

Evaluation is an integral part of all education systems at all stages. It allows educators, teachers, managers, policy makers and the community to get a sense of what is missing and what is accessible. Assessment can be defined in two ways, depending on what we want to achieve at the end of the exercise.

It is the systematic collection and analysis of data to determine whether goals have been achieved and to what extent they have been achieved or are on track.

Evaluation is the systematic collection and analysis of data in order to make decisions.

Types of evaluation

Diagnostic evaluation

Before creating a course, it is essential to know what type of students it is for. Your goal is to know their strengths, weaknesses, knowledge and abilities before they start it. You can then create your training based on the data collected.

Formative evaluation

Formative evaluation is used on the first attempt at training. Its purpose is to monitor student learning and obtain feedback in order to identify teaching gaps. This feedback thus makes it possible to know what to focus on in order to continue the training.

Summative evaluation

The summative evaluation aims to assess whether the most important knowledge has been acquired at the end of the training. It can also assess much more than that, since it measures the effectiveness of learning, student reactions to the training and long-term benefits (the latter can be determined by monitoring students who participated in your training or test). This allows you to see how they have used their skills and knowledge.

Certification evaluation

Once your training has been implemented in your classroom, it is essential to do an assessment. The certification assessment allows you to find out whether the training is still working and whether, for example, your teaching method is still suitable. To some extent, it can be said that certification evaluation is a more extensive form of summative evaluation.

Normative evaluation

This is used to compare a student’s performance to an average standard. This may very well be a national standard (or rating) for a particular topic (such as, eg, history). Another example of this type of evaluation is comparing a student’s grades with the average grades for the entire school.

Criteria evaluation

It is used to measure a student’s performance against predefined criteria. It checks that students have the expected knowledge expected at a specific stage of their education. Criteria evaluations are used to assess a particular set of knowledge or skills: it is a test that assesses the curriculum being taught.

Ipsative evaluation

This type of evaluation measures a student’s performance against their past performance. This method aims to encourage the student to improve. However, since he does not compare himself to other students, this can have a negative effect on his self-confidence.

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