Discovery of X-rays
120 years ago, physicist Konrad Röntgen accidentally discovered electromagnetic radiation, which was unknown to him. Röntgen did not know he had discovered X-rays, which will still play an important role in medicine, industry and safety today.
It did not occur to Konrad Röntgen, professor of physics at the University of Würzburg, on November 8, 1895, that he would discover X-rays. In his laboratory at the University’s Institute of Physics Julius-Maximilians, Röntgen was working on cathode ray tubes, trying to observe the lights of his experiment on these tubes. Röntgen noticed that a distant glass, which should not have been captured by the light, began to radiate, even though there was a wooden board and a sheet of carbon between the radiation source and the glass.
Röntgen was amazed, and for weeks he did not leave his laboratory above his room, and Röntgen continued to investigate the cause of this phenomenon.
Röntgen discovered unknown electromagnetic rays, which were later called X-rays in English, while in Germany they were named after the rays of their discoverer Röntgen. Röntgen took the first photograph of a human body on December 22, 1895, from his wife’s hand. Six days later, Roentgen revealed that he had discovered an unknown ray. In 1901, Röntgen received the Nobel Prize in physics.
During World War I, doctors began to use X-rays on a large scale, not only to find fractures, but even to check for bacterial infections. Today, spokes are also used in operations. Even in the areas of security checks, Röntgen is used to check bags, and in the industrial field, X-rays are also used to check materials.
X rays definition
X-rays are a quick test and do not cause pain. These rays produce images of the structures inside the body, especially the bones, through which a correct diagnosis is made of the person’s disease. and adults are subjected to this procedure.
It is an examination whereby electromagnetic rays are emitted by a special radioactive device which penetrates the tissues of the body, until it reaches the plaque which is placed behind the patient’s body to form an image of the organs of the patient. bodies that have been penetrated by the rays.
X rays uses
X-rays are used in the medical field in radiography or when a patient has a CT scan. They are also used for security reasons. This is the case, for example, in certain airports, where passengers and suitcases can pass an X-ray scanner.
X rays wavelength
X-rays are electromagnetic radiation. In all of these radiations, ranging from very short wavelength gamma radiations (lambda = 0.001 nm) to long radio waves (lambda = 1 km), x-rays occupy a range of 0.03 nm to 10 nm.
Benefits of X-rays
This exam is very important because it diagnoses many infections of different diseases, and its most important benefits are as follows:
- The doctor helps to diagnose diseases in a clear and painless way for the patient, and according to the radiology report, the appropriate treatment plan is made for the patient.
- Also facilitates and supports treatment and surgical plans.
- It facilitates and assists the medical staff during the catheterization or the insertion of any medical device inside the patient’s body, in addition to being used in the treatment of tumors and to get rid of any blood clots. or blockage in the body.
Risks associated with X-rays
In general, there are many risks and benefits to all medical devices and procedures we are exposed to in our lives, as well as with x-rays. In this device, ionizing radiation is used and can sometimes damage genetic material. Among the most important risks of this radiation are the following :
- A very small increase in the risk of developing cancer is the result of continued exposure to x-rays.
- Constant exposure to high levels of X-rays can cause redness of the skin and hair loss.
So far, the relationship between cancer risk and x-ray exposure has not been proven, but it has been proven that continued x-ray exposure can increase cancer risk, but very weak way, and it is on the basis of the following with continuous and intense exposure to radiation :
- Radiation dose: the higher the dose, the higher the risk of developing cancer.
- Age of the patient People who are exposed to these rays continuously from an early age are more likely to develop cancer. Patient gender: Women are considered to be at higher risk of developing cancer from exposure to x-rays.
- The area where x-rays are taken, certain areas of the body and its organs are more susceptible to cancer due to continued exposure to x-rays
After the x-ray
Usually after the x-rays you can resume your life very normally, as the x-rays do not cause any side effects on the patient, and if the patient is injected with the dye, he must drink large amounts of fluids to help his body. get rid of it faster.
The result of the x-rays is recorded on the computers of the specialist radiology center, and the specialist’s doctor at the center examines it and writes up the full report explaining the details of the case and the problem.