Definition of violence in schools
Violence in schools is one of the most visible forms of violence against children. It can take many forms, ranging from physical to psychological violence, and often results in bullying and intimidation and repression. This phenomenon creates a climate of insecurity and fear throughout the school and violates the right of students to learn in a safe and non-threatening environment. However, the school, as a place of learning and socialization, cannot fulfill its mission if the children evolve in an environment marked by violence.
Six main forms of violence
- verbal abuse : e.g. insulting someone, threatening them, making fun of them, giving them a humiliating name, etc .;
- physical violence : eg: hitting someone, pushing him or her on purpose, nagging or spanking him, putting him in pillories (« the mouse », the « motorbike »), etc .;
- social violence : eg excluding someone from a group, ignoring them because of their ethnic origin or religion, disability, spreading rumors about others, etc .;
- material violence : e.g. stealing other people’s effects or money, breaking, damaging their property or that of a group of people, etc.
- sexual violence : eg: insult, word, gesture … of a sexual nature, obligation for a student to have sex in exchange for good grades.
- cyberviolence : eg: from websites or mobile phones, threatening someone, spreading rumors about them, showing humiliating images, etc .;
The causes of school violence
The causes of aggression and violence among young people in schools are manifold. Indeed this can be the cause of :
- Family problems : In today’s society family ties are deteriorating more and more with divorces increasing year after year, as well as separations. It can also be due to a lack of warm relations between parents and children, the absence of siblings or parents for professional reasons. There are also parental resignations, meaning that parents give up on their children’s education for various reasons such as unemployment and poverty, making them unable to afford supplies. Then, children who experience drama at home often exhibit violent behavior at school. All of this often leaves the children on their own.
- Social issues : The future of young people seems precarious with rising unemployment so the majority of adolescents no longer perceive the need for studies that lead to no job. In addition, the image of teachers vis-à-vis parents no longer has the prestige of the past in society as many of them question the education their children receive. For some, violence can be a way of expressing their revolt in the face of social inequalities and discrimination from which they suffer. The media can also be the cause because young people are constantly exposed to scenes of violence on television as well as on the internet.
- School problems : Abolition of physical punishment, Lack of communication between teachers and students, Some teachers distinguish between students, ..
Consequences of violence at school
School violence affects victims, witnesses and perpetrators alike. It represents a real danger in terms of :
- school (eg: absenteeism, demotivation, repetition, etc.);
Studies have shown that students involved in violence at school (victim, witness or abuser) may have memory problems, difficulty concentrating and reasoning. This partly explains their poor academic performance (eg repeating a year, dropping out). Especially for victims of violence, they may become truants and no longer enjoy going to school.
- psychological (eg: depression, suicide, etc.);
Studies have shown that violence in schools can lead some students to have thoughts of suicide or to suffer from depression, anxiety, and psychiatric problems (eg, insanity).
- social (eg drug use, delinquency, etc.).
Studies have shown that violence in schools can cause some students to use alcohol or drugs. And, in adulthood, the risk for these students of experiencing difficulties in their relationships with others is real, because violence can lead to serious problems (eg: sexual harassment, hitting the spouse, children, etc. .).
In order to eradicate this evil at its root, society is called upon to put in place adequate means and effective strategies:
- the involvement not only of the educational body but also of parents in monitoring the behavior of their children.
- society must propagate the values of tolerance and cooperation.
- Il faut aimer ces jeunes, mieux se rapprocher d’eux pour comprendre leurs souffrances et essayer de les aider à mieux résoudre leurs problèmes.
- Finalement il faut créer au sein des établissements des centres d’écoutes au service des élèves et des enseignants.